Anthony Colby was one of the original settlers of the town of Salisbury, Massachusetts and was one of sixty-nine men to receive ‘first division lots’ in 1639. He was granted additional lands in 1643 and 1654. Anthony seams to have been able to speak his mind; in 1639 he was fined 1 shilling for being ‘disorderly’ in a town meeting. In 1640, he was appointed to a committee to appraise domestic animals in Salisbury. By 1649, he had moved west of the Powow River to Salisbury New Town (the future Amesbury), along with other grantees such as Haddon, Macy, Sargent and Martin. ‘Articles of Agreement’, which designated the rights and responsibilities of the new town’s inhabitants, were signed in 1658.